In this article, we are going to talk about the antioxidant effect, its effects on the body and also honey as a rich source of it. We first define antioxidants, free radicals, and oxidative stress. What is an antioxidant? Exogenous and endogenous types? Low molecular weight antioxidants, including vitamins C and E
Coenzyme Q, carotenes, glutathione and trace elements are responsible for inactivating active radicals. Some of them are produced in the body, including glutathione, ubiquinone, albumin and metallothioneins, and uric acid. Antioxidants produced by the body are called endogenous antioxidant compounds. But other sources of antioxidants produced not by body include natural sources of plants (flavonoids, flonic acids, carotenoids, lignans, organosulfur compounds and vitamins) or minerals (selenium, zinc, manganese) provided by foods
These types of antioxidants are called exogenous antioxidants. Antioxidants neutralize the process of oxidation or cellular reaction against oxygen or free radicals. Antioxidants protect the body against malignant cancer cells and maintain healthy cells. Free radicals in the human body are exposed to free radicals as well as antioxidants during the day and night. Antioxidants fight free radicals
The human body, after cellular reactions produces these free radicals. Normally, free radicals can be used by white blood cells in the body to fight off viruses, bacteria and damaged cells. But some free radicals are always needed for the body and if they were not balanced with the amount of antioxidants in the body, it can cause premature aging, damaged or mutated cells, tissue damage and increased pressure on the immune system
Oxidative stress Free radicals are responsible for oxidative damage. Various factors in modern’s today life lead to the overproduction and spread of free radicals. Therefore, the body needs to receive higher levels of antioxidants, some of which are supplied by food sources. If there is no balance between antioxidants and free radicals, the body will suffer from oxidative stress.
Benefits of antioxidants for the body: 1- To have a healthy skin and prevent premature aging, the body needs this substance. Oxidants protect the heart and brain, these two vital organs of the body and increase longevity. Therefore, antioxidants play an important role in preventing heart attacks and strokes.
Antioxidants protect the eyes and inhibit eye diseases such as cataracts. ** Honey is rich in antioxidants The global prevalence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, cancer and Alzheimer’s disease which is increasing in all over the world. These diseases, which are the leading causes of death worldwide, are associated with oxidative stress, an imbalance between antioxidants and free radicals in the body. People with chronic diseases are also at higher risk for oxidative stress, or more simply, antioxidant deficiencies.
In such cases, patients and even healthy people need supplements to improve and enhance their antioxidant levels. Honey is a substance with many medicinal effects, especially antioxidants. Consumption of this substance can control and inhibit the effects of oxidative stress on the liver, digestive system, pancreas, kidneys, genitals, etc.
The therapeutic properties of honey are important for the prevention and treatment of acute and chronic diseases caused by free radicals (such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and cancer). Phenolic acid and flavonoids in honey are the main cause of such an amazing effect. Enzymes in honey have high antioxidant properties. Honey contains flavonoids, phenol compounds, glucose oxidase and catalase, which confirm the presence of these elements in the high level of antioxidants in honey. The antioxidant in honey acts as an antidepressant in times of emotional, physical and mental stress. Keep in mind that antioxidant activity depends on the plant origin of honey, and honeys from different botanical sources vary greatly in antioxidant levels.
Honey can prevent angiogenesis and cancer progression. Cancer cells proliferate and grow over time. But the patient can use phenolic compounds to inhibit this cancer progression. Consuming honey does this well. These phenolic compounds are linked to antioxidants that come together to curb troublesome threats to the body.
The antioxidant compounds in honey are a promising drug for the prevention of cancer, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, neurological disorders, wound healing, infectious diseases and aging. Also in the food industry, these antioxidant compounds can serve as a preservative for food.
As a result, by consuming a variety of natural and healthy honey, we can help protect the body against harmful factors. The unique properties of honey to reduce and relieve oxidative stress, encourage us to consume this amazing substance more than ever.
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Giangiacomo Beretta , Marica Orioli, Roberto Maffei Facino.2007. Antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of honey in endothelial cell cultures (EA.hy926).
M.I. Khalil*, S.A. Sulaiman and L. Boukraa. 2010. Antioxidant Properties of Honey and Its Role in Preventing Health Disorder.
Omotayo O. Erejuwa *, Siti A. Sulaiman and Mohd S. Ab Wahab. 2012. HONEY: a novel antioxidant